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Historical Gold Medals - Gold Coronation Medals

Coinage through the ages has served the function both of currency (a store and measurement of value) and of medallic proclamation (dissemination of official information).

Is a Ptolemaic octodrachm or a multiple aurei of Constantine a coin or a medallion? The distinction would have been irrelevant to any society for whom money or currency was defined by the weight and purity of precious metal.

However, in our present era of unchecked government issue of paper and electronic money, there is a vast confusion as to the nature of currency. Currency is now a "promise" of value - rather than a store of value. Thus Currency is now a form of debt.

This has led to the confused distinction that modern collectors hold between medallic issues and currency. Until our current era, medals have always been worth exactly their weight in precious metal - just like coins. However, because of their rarity, beauty, and historical importance, medals rather than currency comprised the greater part of most advanced collections.

Royal Proclamation medals were usually crafted by celebrated artists of the era. They were often sculpted in high relief, in tiny mintages, to mark interesting and important historical events. A coin might be considered rare if only a few thousand were minted. A medal is rare if only a few hundred were minted.

In the case of certain large gold presentation medals only a handful were minted for the pleasure of reigning monarchs and their courtiers and ministers, and of those, few remain.

POR (price on request) Some medals listed below are of such rarity in high condition they are virtually irreplacable. this makes it difficult to assign a reasonable monetary value.

.......................ROYAL GOLD PAGE 2

From the time of the Stuart kings through to Victoria, gold coronation medals were presented to the royal family and friends invited to the coronation ceremony. Silver medals were tossed to the members of parliament, judges and other dignitaries who lined the front rows of the coronation procession, as well as being handed out to esteemed servants of the Royal Household. Bronze medals were tossed to the rest of the rabble. Edward VII ended the practice of tossing medals as he thought it undignified to see judges and members of parliament diving on the ground to retrieve the precious metal.

James I struck only a silver coronation medal. Charles I was the first to have a very small number of coronation medals struck in gold. Master engraver Nicolas Briot who was mintmaster at Paris under Louis XIII later fled to England where he introduced the coin press to Charles I. He was appointed mintmaster from 1633-1641.

During the English Civil War (1642-51) both the Parliamentary and Royalist factions commissioned medals to be given in recognition of soldierly valour. The gift of medals, a practice in Britain since the reign of Elizabeth I (1558-1603), was ritualized. Thomas Rawlins, a pupil of Briot, was appointed Chief Engraver at the Mint by Charles I in 1643 and remained loyal to the king even after he had fled London.

In 1661, Charles II invited John Roettiers and his brother Joseph (and subsequently a third brother Philip) to join the British Royal Mint and by 1662 John Roettiers was one of the mint's chief engravers, taking the place of Thomas Simon, another of Briot's pupils. Simon engraved the Death Medal of Oliver Cromwell as well as the superb Coronation medal of Charles II. Roettiers produced the official coronation medals of James II (1685) and William and Mary (1689). He died in 1703 and was buried in the Tower.

His sons James Roettiers (1663–1698) and Norbert Roettiers (1665–1727) were also famed engravers and medallists both in England and France. They engraved the superb Death Medal of Charles I, which is said to bear the greatest likeness to that Monarch.

Great Britain James I, 1603-1625,

Silver Coronation medal,1603, (5.28g, ) 28 mm. by Charles Anthony. Laureate, draped and armoured bust right, IAC: I: BRIT: CAE: AUG: HAE: CAESA RUM: D.D. (James I Caesar Augustus of Britain, Heir of the Caesars Presents this Medal) rev. ECCE: PHAOS: POPULIQ: SALUS, (Behold the Beacon and the Safety of the People.) Crowned lion rampant holding beacon and wheat sheaf, (Eimer 80; MI i, 191/11) Struck only in silver and Very Rare in this superb condition.

Provenance: Spink

Superb UNC.........................sold

Great Britain, Charles I, (1625-1649)

The Scottish Coronation, gold medal, 30mm; 9.9g 1633, by Nicolas Briot, signed B on rev., crowned and draped bust left, wearing ornate lace collar, CAROLVS DG SCOTIÆ ANGLIÆ FR ET HIB REX, rev., a Scottish thistle in flower, HINC NOSTRÆ CREVERE ROSÆ, hence our roses have grown.(MI 266/60; Eim. 123; BMC [Jones] 155; Platt p. 133, type B; Woll. iii).

ex Christopher Foley collection.

Charles, a monarch with little talent for governance and exceptional talent in the arts, commisioned this medal to be the first in gold to be distributed at a coronation ceremony. His appreciation for the work of Briot was so great that he carried his own Scottish coronation medal always in his pocket.

Extremely rare in gold: Baldwin's cites the mintage as being 75 pieces, most of which are plagued by adjustment marks, turned edges and mount marks. This example is very well struck with excellent detail on a clean clear flan.

PCGS graded XF 45............$22,000

In May 1643, during the Enlish Civil War, Charles ordered a medal made which would be worn 'on the breast of every man who shall be certified under the hands of their Commanders-in-Chief to have done us faithful service in the forlorn hope'. It was also commanded 'that no soldier at anytime do sell nor any of our subjects presume to buy or wear any of these said badges other than they to whom we shall give the same'. The medal shown here, on which are depicted Charles and his wife Henrietta Maria, would also have been worn by a supporter of the royalist cause.
coronation gold medal coronation gold medal

Great Britain, Charles I (1625-1649)

Charles and Henrietta Maria, gold Royalist badge ca 1643, by Thomas Rawlins, (21.13g), 38 x 29.6mm. Bust of Charles I right wearing lace collar, CAROLVS. D. G. MAG – BRI - FR. ET. HIB. RX, rev., bust of Henrietta Maria left, her hair elaborately dressed and with small coronet, wearing pearl necklace, figured bodice and drapery; signed T. RAWLINS F below, HENRETTA. MARIA. D. G. MAG. BRITAN. FRAN. ET. HIB. REG, (MI I, 354/215),

provenance: Sotheby's.

fine style in high relief and excessively rare in gold - it would most certainly have been awarded to someone close to the King.

Cast and chased, rubbed, as made:
AU .........................$18,000

Great Britain, Charles I (1625-1649)

Charles I, gold Memorial medal of 5 ducats, 34.5mm (16.7 gm) assigned to 1649, but struck in 1695 by James and Norbert Roettier, armored and draped bust right, CAROL DG M B F ET H REX & GLOR MEM, rev., hand from heaven holds crown over a pastoral landscape, VIRTVT EX ME FORTVNAM EX ALIJS, MI 347/201; Platt I, type C, p. 263; Eim. 162b).

ex Christopher Foley collection.

John Evelyn writes in his diary that this medal is "the most like to his (Charles') serene countenance." The Roettiers advertised the medal for sale "in copper at 5 shillings, in copper gilt at 10 sh and if bespoke in silver at 25 sh each." No mention is made of gold. The portrait was based on the painting made by Van Dyk also used by Bernini in 1638 to make his famous bust of the King.

Excessively rare in gold. The second known specimen, Platt records another in the Ashmolean Museum. The Murdoch collection that sold in 1904 also contained a specimen - (perhaps this medal.) where it was described as "Unpublished in gold and of the highest rarity"

PCGS Graded AU58.............POR

Oliver Cromwell, who was directly descended from Thomas Cromwell's sister, led the army that overthrew Charles I, and was a signatory to the King's death warrant. He was designated as Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England. He was offered the crown, and though sorely tempted, turned it down; thus he has no coronation medal.

He was a great admirer of the work of Thomas Simon, whom he hired as Master of the Mint. He instructed Simon that his portrait should be rendered accurately, "warts and all," hence the expression. Upon Cromwell's death, Simon sculpted a wood effigy, of exact likeness, that was dressed, accountered and paraded during the funeral procession. He also created a few small gold medals which were handed out to certain dignitaries in the procession.

Two comtemporary medals were made in imitation of the funeral medal "to gratify Cromwell's admirers." They are believed to be of Dutch manufacture. The smaller of the two was said to have been relatively available for purchase at the time, while the larger of the two, in gold, even then, was considered to be "very rare," (according to Henfrey's "Medallic History of Oliver Cromwell.") The large medal was thought by many at the time, including John Evelyn, to have been manufactured in England, under the direction of Cromwell's son Richard, though this view is now discounted.

Great Britain, Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector (1653-1658)

Gold Death Medal of 5 dukats, 1658, D.29mm (16.5 gm) - after T. Simon by a contemporary Dutch artist, with plain edges, laureate and draped bust left, rev. shepherd standing below olive tree tending to his flock. NON DEFITIENT OLIVA The people shall not lack an olive tree , (MI 434/84, E.201, van Loon II p.433)

Brilliant Proof with deeply reflective mirrored fields and heavy rim denticles possible only in proof state. One of the very few proof specimens I've seen of this rare issue.

ex Donald Bently collection

Very Rare esp in this condition.

NGC MS62...........................POR

Great Britain, Oliver Cromwell Lord Protector (1653-1658)

Large Gold Death Medal of 23 dukats, 1658, 48mm, (76.81g) after T Simon, unsigned [of Dutch origin], laureate armoured bust left, rev. shepherd with his flock under an olive tree, landscape in background, NON DEFITIENT OLIVA The people shall not lack an olive tree (MI I, 435/85; v L II, 420; Eimer 200) Also illustrated in Abbe Raguenet's 'Histoire a Olivier Cromel,' p. 297, published in Amsterdam in 1691.

Ex J.P. Morgan collection, with a Victorian era ticket

Excessively rare in gold. The only other recorded example in gold is in the British Museum, donated from the personal collection of King George III.

Brilliant Uncirculated...............POR

Great Britain, Charles II (1649-58) Monarch in absentia (1660-1685) King of England.

Coronation 1661, the official medal, in gold, 29.5mm; (12.0g) by Thomas Simon, crowned bust right, wearing ornate lace cravat and wearing Garter Collar and George, CAROLVS II DG ANG SCO FR ET HI REX, rev., the King enthroned, crowned by Peace, EVERSO MISSVS SVCCVRRERE SECLO …, Sent to restore a fallen angel (MI 472/76; Eim. 221; vL II, 470; Woll. v; H & P pl. 30, 6; ; Platt II, p. 358; Farquhar I, 229).

ex Christopher Foley collection.

The medal, when silver, was struck for distribution at the Ceremony on Tuesday, 23rd April, 1661, as noted by Samuel Pepys, "And three times the King at Arms went to the three open places on the scaffold, and proclaimed, that if any one could show any reason why Charles Stewart should not be King of England, that now he should come and speak. And a Generall Pardon also was read by the Lord Chancellor, and meddalls flung up and down by my Lord Cornwallis, of silver, but I could not come by any." MI notes that Simon was paid £110 for making the medal and continues that it "has never been surpassed fore minuteness and delicacy of work."

Extremely rare in gold and certainly amongst the finest extant. Superb Prooflike Mint State and rich in color. Far better than the grade.

NGC graded MS 61......POR

Great Britain, James II. 1685-1688.

Official Gold coronation Medal of 5 dukats 33mm, (16.71 g,) By John Roettier, signed "R" below the bust.. Dated 1685. IACOBVS · II · D · G · ANG · SCO · FR · ET · HI · REX, laureate and draped bust left / A · MILITARI · AD · REGIAM · (from the military to the royal crown), laurel wreath upon cushion; above, hand bearing crown emerging right from the heavens; in two lines in exergue, INAVGVRAT · 23 · AP/1685. MI 605/5; Eimer 273.

Ex Spink, and ex CNG

Extremely Rare in gold. From a stated mintage of 200, but only one of two recorded specimens to have changed hands in the last 15 years according to all available archives. (The Feldman example had been mounted)

a few faint hairlines but essentially as struck
NGC graded AU 58...................$25,000

coronation gold medal coronation gold medal

Great Britain, William and Mary (1688-1702),

Coronation, 1689, official gold medal, 34mm (17.7gm) unsigned (by John Roettier), conjoined busts right, NE TOTUS ABSUMATOR Lest all be lost rev. Jove thunders against Phaeton (James II) who is falling from his chariot, struck by Jupiter's (King William's) lighting INAUGURAT 11 April 1689
E.312; MI.652, 25; Wollaston viii, ill.9

Provenance: Spink

Very Rare. According to John Evelyn's Diary: 200 gold medals were awarded to courtiers and 515 gold medals were presented to the commons. An additional 28 heavy gold medals were minted and presented to foreign ministers.

Certainly amongst the finest known.

NGC Graded AU 58..............$18,000

In 1696 Isaac Newton, considered to be amongst the world's greatest mathemeticians and scientists, moved to London to take over the post of Warden of the Royal Mint. With characteristic zeal Newton devoted himself to this position, reforming the coinage, establishing a gold standard, and going so far as to disguise himself and travel through the city bars and taverns in search of forgers whom he personally prosecuted by the hundreds. Newton determined the current mint master Henry Harris (successor to John Roettiers) to be incompetent and hired famed German born engraver John Croker to take over all engraving duties. Croker succeded Harris as mint master in 1704. In reward for excellence Newton conferred the privilege of making medals for private sale upon Croker in 1706, hence the plethora of medals commemorating the victories of Queen Anne during the war of Spanish succession.

A newly discovered 50 page manuscript at the National Archive contains hand written notes and drawings by Isaac Newton that reveal that he was intimately involved in the designs of many of the medals of Queen Anne, and especially the controversial coronation medal.

coronation gold medal coronation gold medal

GREAT BRITAIN, Queen Anne
(1702-1714)

Designed by Sir Isaac Newton

Official gold Coronation Medal, 1702. 36mm. (18 gm) engraved by John Croker. Obv. Draped bust l. with headband. ANNA · D : G : MAG : BR : FR : ET · HIB : REGINA, Rv. The Queen helmeted as Pallas hurls lightning at dissident factions potrayed as the Hydra, VICEM GERIT. ILLA. TONANTIS (she is the vice-regent of the Thunderer). in exergue, INAVGVRAT · XXIII · AP/MDCCII Wollaston 10, Eimer 390

“The medal’s design shows Anne as the goddess Athena striking down a double-headed monster." Newton explains in his notes that he was referring to the double Catholic threat posed by Louis XIV of France and Anne's half brother, James Francis Edward Stuart, the Old Pretender with a rival claim to the throne.

The motto on the reverse "She is the Thunderer’s viceregent" looks back to William and Mary. By describing Anne as a “Thunderer,” Newton explains that he was alluding to the coronation medal of 1689, which likewise portrayed William as a thundering Jupiter. In a sentence, Newton explains that the coronation medal “signifies that her Majesty continues the scene of the last reign”.

Rare. From a mintage of 858. According to John Evelyn's Diary: Ann distributed 300 in gold through the Treasurer of the household, and 518 in gold through the Speaker. An additional 40 "Heavier pieces" in gold were distributed through the Lord Chamberlain. Because of the large thin planchet, low relief, and intricate design this is an extremely rare medal in this superb condition.

NGC Graded MS62... .......sold

GREAT BRITAIN, Queen Anne (1702-1714)

AV medal of 12 dukats (or 5 guineas) on the capture of the Citadel of Lille. 1708, 43.99 mm (42,36 g).by J. Croker. Designed by Isaac Newton? Crowned bust l. ANNA DG MAG BRIT FR ET HIB REG //Viktoria r. holding a palm in the right hand,the left holding the coat of arms of Lille over an altar, which is covered with the map of the town and the Citadel of Lille. INSULAE CAPTA MDCCVIII Bucket 435 (silver); Van Loon V 119.2 (silver) Popelka 127 (silver).

The decisive battle of the War of Spanish Succession in 1708, Prince Eugene of the Holy Roman Empire commanded the forces besieging Lille, while the Duke of Marlborough commanded the forces fighting against external French interference. With the loss of Lille, the French presence in northern Flanders crumbled.

Ex Georg Baums collection.

Of the highest rarity in Gold. There was a specimen in gold in the Murdoch collection sold in 1904 and there it was described as "unpublished in gold and of the highest rarity."

Some light marks in the fields, otherwise
prooflike UNC..............................POR

coronation gold medal coronation gold medal

GREAT BRITAIN, Queen Anne (1702-1714)

AV medal of 16 dukats for the Battle of Saragossa 9/20 August, 1710.
(
48.2 mm 55.4 grams) By I. C. (John Croker). Designed by Isaac Newton? Obverse: Laureate bust of Anne left. Reverse: Queen seated on throne, with Britannia introducing Victory presenting captured standards. Hispanis Profligatis Ex: Ad Caesarium Augustam Aug IX MDCCX d. Med Ill. II.p. 373, 219 (plate CXXXII, 12). Eimer 446.

The battle of Saragossa was a decisive victory by General Stanhope of England and Charles VI of the Holy Roman Empire over Philip V of Spain in the war of Spanish Succession.

ex Goldberg Auctions

Of the highest rarity in gold. Not even represented in the Murdoch collection..

Minor edge marks, otherwise:
AU, Lustrous and prooflike......... POR.

british coronation medal british coronation medal

GREAT BRITAIN. Queen Anne. 1702-1714.

AV Medal of 20 dukats for the Peace of Utrecht that ended the War of Spanish Succession. (59mm, 72.28 g). By J. Croker. Designed by Isaac Newton? Dated 1713 in Roman numerals. · ANNA · D : G : MAG : BRI : FR : ET · HIB : REG laureate, draped, and mantled bust left / COMPOSITIS · VENERAN TVR · ARMIS · ([peace] they honor by laying aside their arms), Britannia seated with olive branch and spear; to left, three ships under sail; to right, another ship and men plowing and sowing seeds; MDCCXIII in exergue. MI 399/256; Eimer 458.

Of the highest rarity in gold. Smaller gold medals (23 g.) of different dies were presented to Members of Parliament. According to Helen Farquhar: "Van Loon states that the larger medal with a seated figure of Britannia— Med. III., vol. ii, p. 399, No. 256—was distributed to the House of Lords, but no specimen being found in gold, this is hardly probable, as is proved in Med. III. But Croker, in his list, offers this medal in gold at £20 ; and it is, therefore, possible that some few examples were made."

Ex-Zaar Maritime Collection.

UNC, lustrous...........................POR

GREAT BRITAIN. Queen Anne. 1702-1714.

Gold Medal 1713, 34,84 mm; (23,80 g) by J. Croker, Designed by Isaac Newton? on the Peace of Utrecht. ANNA D G MAG BRI FR ET HIB REG bust l. with laurel wreath and coat the to / / COMPOSITIS VENERANTVR ARMIS Britannia stands for l. with olive branch, spear and shield, ships behind.

Eimer 460; Hawkins S. 400, Nr. 257; Pax in Nummis 431; v. Loon IV, S. 660 according to Hawkins: S. 400-401: "This medal, commemorating the Peace of Utrecht, was struck by authority, and distributed at the public expenso to members of both Houses of Parliament and to other persons. There were at least two pairs of dies used to supply the demand for these medals."

Rare. Aprox 800 struck according to Baldwin's.

Brilliant UNC.............................sold

coronation gold medal coronation gold medal

Great Britain, George I. 1714-1727.

Official Gold Coronation Medal (22.20 g,) John Croker, engraver. Dated 20 October 1714. bust right; J. C. on truncation of arm GEORGIUS DG MAG BR. FR. ET HIB. REX / George enthroned right, holding scepter and globus, being crowned by Britannia standing left, holding shield and spear INAUGURAT XX OCT MDCCXIII. Hawkins pl. CXXXIX, 9; Eimer 470.

Very Rare. From a mintage of 330.

NGC MS61............................sold

coronation gold medal coronation gold medal

Great Britain, George II (1727-60)

Coronation, 1727, official gold medal 35mm by John Croker, laureate, draped and cuirassed bust left, signed IC on truncation, GEORGIUS II DG MAG BR. FR. ET HIB. REX rev.the king enthroned, crowned by Britannia, VOLENTES PER POPULOS . CORON. XI. OCTOB. MDCCXXVII, (E.510; MI. 479, 4; Wollaston xi, ill.12)

Provenance: Spink

Very Rare from a mintage of 238 - Superb mint state - certainly amongst the finest known.

NGC MS 62......................POR

george coronation medal george coronation medal

Great Britain, George II (1727-60)

Coronation of Caroline, 1727, Official Gold Medal 34mm (25 g.) by J Croker, bust of Caroline left, CAROLINA. D:G. MAG. BR. FR. ET. HIB. REGINA., rev Caroline standing facing between Religion and Britannia, HIC. AMOR HAC. PATRIA. (this my love, this my country), in exergue, CORON. XI. OCTOB. MDCCXXVII, (Eimer 512; MI ii 480/8). Prov: Baldwins

Extremely Rare from a mintage of 138 - and especially rare in this conditon.

NGC MS 61..............................$18,000

coronation gold medal coronation gold medal

Great Britain, George III (1760-1820) (and the last King of America 1760-1776)

Coronation, 1761, Official gold medal by
L. Natter, 34mm, (23.45g)
laureate bust in armour right GEORGIUS III D.G. M. BRI. FR. ET. HIB. REX F.D. , rev. Britannia crowning George III, PATRIAE OVANTI. BHM 23; Eimer 694

Ex Kroisos Collection.

Rare. From a mintage of 858 beautifully toned, very rare in this condition.

NGC MS62 .......................POR

Great Britain, George III (1760-1820) (and the last King of America 1760-1776)

Coronation of Charlotte, 1761, Official gold medal by L. Natter, 34mm, (23.55g) draped bust right , CHARLOTTA D.G. M. BR. FR. ET. HIB. REGINA. , rev the Queen crowned by Fame, QVAESITVM. MERITVS , with CORON. XXII. SEPT MDCCLXI in exergue, 34mm (BHM 66; Eimer 696).

ex Feldman collection

Extraordinary condition for this Very Rare, issue. One of the finest extant.

NGC MS 61 (looks better)........$17,000

Poland. Stanislaus II August Poniatowski, (1732-1764-1795),

1764, Gold Coronation Medal of 6 ducats, (20.40g), by Thomas Pingo Jr, minted at the royal mint in London (hence included here), bust right, STANISLAVS AVGVSTVS DG REX POLONIA M D LITH , rev radiant crown, HANC IVSSIT FORTVNA MERERI, in ex, EL VN VOCE VII SEPT / CORON XXV NOV / MDCCLXIV , (HCz 3027; Eimer, Pingo 29; BDM IV 557; Raczynski 487; Strother 562).

Very Rare: 300 specimens minted in gold and, according to Spink: "exceptionally rare in commerce."

Stanislau II, an international bon vivant, patron of the arts, and lover of Catherine the Great, had his coronation in Warsaw on the 25 November, 1764. The portrait for the medal was taken from a wax by Pingo's son, Lewis Pingo (Eimer 146) and this, in turn, is after a portrait by Antoni Albertrandi (1733-1795)

"The 300 gold and a further 1500 in silver were sent to London from Warsaw. The former for presents to the nobility at the king’s coronation there; the latter to be distributed among the populace.”

obverse rubbed and with light edge marks, but overall:
Pleasant AU..............................$6500

Though war enriched Louis XIV, the War of Spanish Succession which lasted from 1700-1714 eventually squandered France's gold supply. Louis XV inherited a badly depleted kingdom. With the help of an English banker named John Law he established the first central bank of France in 1718 which proceded to issue paper currency backed by paper shares in the Mississppi Company. The whole scheme led to a fantastic credit bubble that burst in 1720, effectively bankrupting the French government. France never regained her economic prosperity, and Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette inherited a bankrupt kingdom that quickly devolved into bloody revolution thus ending the era of monarchy.
france gold medal france gold medal

FRANCE, Louis XIV, 1643-1715.

Médaille d'or 1654. (4.2 g).; 16.00 mm. Cérémonie du lendemain du Sacre à Reims, le 7 juin 1654. Attribué à Jean Warrin. L · XIIII · D. G · F · ET · N · R · S · D · VII · IVN · 1654. Buste du Roi , I · V · F · // LVMEN DE NVMINE - DE LVMINE NVMEN (La lumière venue du ciel fait du roi un être divin). Le roi agenouillé, CH · IN · / COR · D · / P · SP · / SANC · (La charité répandue dans son coeur par le Saint-Esprit). De chaque côté, la Foi et l'Espérance tiennent une couronne élevée au-dessus du roi; duquel descend le Saint-Esprit avec la Sainte-Ampoule. Tranche lisse. Excessively rare. Ex Hess Divo
About uncirculated....... sold

france gold medal france gold medal

FRANCE, LOUIS XV (1715-1774)

Gold marriage medal (30.96gm) 35mm
Rev: the future Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. Obv: Louis XV, Signed by the artist Joseph Roettiers \ 16 MAI 1770 / LUDOVICUS XV REX CHRISTIANISSIMUS / SACRUM AETERNAE CONCORDIAE PIGNUS
Extremely Rare, and of great historical significance - beautifully toned, a few light marks, otherwise

About Uncirculated............sold

FRANCE, LOUIS XVI (1774-1793)

Gold Royalist Medal lamenting the Death of Louis XVI january 21, 1793. 30mm (12.14 gm) minted in Berlin by Daniel Frederik Loos, mint master. " LOUIS XVI ROI DE FR. IMMOLÉ PAR LES FACTIEUX Louis XVI King of France, murdered by the factions" Louis laureate, rt, signed below F. L. (Fecit Loos)/ PLEURÉS ET VENGÉS - LE ! Weep and avenge him! LE XXI IANVIER/ MDCCXCIII France seated, weeping over an urn containing the remains of the King. Lightning bolt above lighting the urn. Axe below.

Extremely rare in Gold. Only the second example available in the last decade.

UNC............................................sold

Vivant Denon was director of the Royal Medal Cabinet under Louis XV. Under Napoleon he became Director of the Louvre (over rival Jaques Louis David) and was commissioned to preside over an extensive series of medals chronicling Napoleon's triumphs. To this end he assembled a remarkable team of engravers including famed sculptor Antoine Denis Chaudet, Bertrand Andreiu (who studied with Nicolas Gatteux), Andre Galle, Rambert Dumarest, Nicolas Brenet, sculptor Raymond Gayrard, and Swiss born Jean Pierre Droz who designed an improved mint press and was then hired by Nicolas Boulton in England who subsequently stole the design of this new press. Droz was then offered the job of mintmaster of the United States, which he turned down to return to France where he was appointed Keeper of Coins and Medals under the Directory, and Keeper of the Mint under Napoleon.

Though medals of Napoleon I are plentiful in silver and bronze, in gold they are all very rare.

coronation gold medal coronation gold medal

FRANCE PREMIER EMPIRE
Napoléon Ier, 1804-1814/1815.

Gold Coronation Medal An XIII (1804), (14.83 g) Paris. Par Denon, Droz et Galle. NAPOLEON - EMPEREUR. Tête laurée de Napoléon Ier à droite, au-dessous signatures // LE SENAT - ET LE PEUPLE. Napoléon debout sur un pavois, en costume de sacre, tenant un sceptre, le tout soutenu d'un côté par un sénateur avec les tables de la Loi et de l'autre par un soldat avec un araire ; à l'exergue : AN XIII. Tranche lisse. Bramsen cf. 326; Essling cf. 1020. Ex Julius Jenke Munich Sale 1932.

Very Rare, from a mintage of 500 total larger gold specimens awarded to those of high rank attending the coronation ceremony. Only 200 of these made with this portrait by J.P. Droz.

PCGS gtrade AU 55..............$8000

napoleon gold medal napoleon gold medal

FRANCE PREMIER EMPIRE
Napoléon Ier, 1804-1814/1815.

Gold Coronation Medal An XIII (1804), (27.8gm) Paris, By Denon and Andrieu. NAPOLEON - EMPEREUR. Tête laurée de Napoléon Ier à droite, au-dessous signatures // LE SENAT - ET LE PEUPLE. Napoléon debout sur un pavois, en costume de sacre, tenant un sceptre, le tout soutenu d'un côté par un sénateur avec les tables de la Loi et de l'autre par un soldat avec un araire ; à l'exergue : AN XIII. Slg. Julius 1263 (Argent)

Very Rare, from a mintage of 500 total larger gold specimens awarded to those of high rank attending the coronation ceremony. Only 200 of these made with both sides engraved by Andrieu.

AU.............................................$12,000

France, Premier Empire, Napoleon Bonaparte, 1804-1814/1815

Gold medal of 5 dukats (17,05 g) for Napoleon's Marriage with Marie Louise of Austria in Paris in 1810, Napoleon E Emp et Roi, M Louise D'Autriche. I Avril MDCCCX Obverse by Galle & Reverse by Droz, Denon Dir, (B.955)

Very Rare. From a mintage of 200 gold medals by Galle and Droz, and 500 gold medals total handed out to guests (Ambassadors, Princes, Members of the Royal Household,and select Officials from the provinces) at the wedding ceremony in Paris.

PCGS Graded AU 55..................$7500

FRANCE First Restoration CHARLES X King, 1824-1830

Gold medal of 40 Dukats 1827, 56,35mm; (133,25g).by A. Caqué. Workshop de Puymaurin. Reward for merits in industry. Portrait to the left/ crowned female figure  (personification of France) turned to the left with two wreaths in the left hand. The right hand touching the shoulder of the personification of industry with rod of mercury and paddle, on the sides different products of the French industry. Collignon 546 . (bronze)

Very Rare Large Gold medal: 4 ounces of fine gold in a contemporary case

UNCIRCULATED...................POR

coronation gold medal coronation gold medal

SPAIN, Ferdinand VII 1808, 1813-33

Bolivia. Citly of La Plata 1808. Anti-Napoleonic, Ferdinand VII Gold Proclamation Medal of 8 Escudos 38 mm; (26.6gms) to hail the Accession of Ferdinand VII as King of Spain, while he is being held in prison by Napoleon.

Created by Alferaz Real (royal moneyer) Domingode Anibarro with input of la Real Academia Carolina under Director Don Jose Augustin de Elasozy Mozi. Crowned Spanish lion rampant holds castle over prostrate Napoleonic double eagle whose crown rolls away, titles of the new King form the legend: Rev: Arms of city, skewered imperial eagle over two pillars, three mountains, four castles, five severed heads. Of the highest rarity in Gold Herrera 311 in silver, Fronrobert 9737 (silver) . Ex Bowers.

AU/UNC................................$15,000

coronation gold medal coronation gold medal

SPAIN Ferdinand VII 1808, 1813-33

Mexico: Puebla, el Cabildo Eclesiastico, 1808 Gold proclamation medal of 8 escudos 41x35mm, (27.74g) to hail the accession of Ferdinand VII as King of Spain while he is held in prison by Napoleon.

Enengraver F. Gordillo. F. Mo., Bust of Ferdinand VII right, wearing the order of the Golden Fleece/Coat of arms containing a vase of three lilies, Grove F-122, Medina 348, (in silver)

Of the highest rarity in gold - 3 known examples in gold according to Adolfo Cayon. ex the Besalú Collection, purchased from Adolfo Cayon.

Choice, lustrous AU/UNC ..........$6500

Ferdinand VII 1808, 1813-33

Guatemala: Gold Loyalty Award Medal ND (circa 1813) (7.8gm),  Oval flan with King bust on the obverse and Reverse: legend "EL PREMIO DE LA FIDELIDAD DE LAS AMERICANAS" Award for loyalty of the Americas for those who had shown special loyalty towards Ferdinand during the Napoleonic Wars. Medina (Med. Proc. pp. 234-235) plates a similar medal and hints at a possible 1810 date and a Guatemala origin for it. Though, Ferdinand VII punches reached the Guatemala mint in 1811. Of the highest rarity with as few as three confirmed specimens, including this one. ex Isaac Rudman Collection of Guatemala Coins

tooled surfaces and with a file mark on the edge, otherwise,
EF........................................sold

The Holy Roman Empire is founded by Charlemagne, King of the Franks and Lombards in 800. It is ruled by the Ottos through the turn of the millenium when Christianity spread throughout Europe with a vengeance. Rudolph I is the first Habsburg to ascend the throne in 1283. The Habsburg grip on the Empire was solidified by Frederick III in 1440, and extended through Francis II in 1806. During this period the empire included: Germany, Austria, Hungary, Poland, Bohemia, Benelux, Serbia, Croatia, Burgundy, and at times, Spain and Switzerland etc. For example, Joseph I was titled thusly:

Joseph I, by the grace of God elected Holy Roman Emperor, forever August, King in Germany, King of Hungary, Bohemia, Dalmatia, Croatia, Slavonia, Rama, Serbia, Galicia, Lodomeria, Cumania and Bulgaria, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Styria, Carinthia, Carniola, Margrave of Moravia, Duke of Luxemburg, of the Higher and Lower Silesia, of Württemberg and Teck, Prince of Swabia, Count of Habsburg, Tyrol, Kyburg and Goritia, Marquess of the Holy Roman Empire, Burgovia, the Higher and Lower Lusace, Lord of the Marquisate of Slavonia, of Port Naon and Salines, etc. etc.

HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE,
Matthias. Emperor (1612-1619)

Two Uniface trial strike medals in gold (3.2 gm) each - for the coronation medal for the ceremony at Frankfort, 24th June 1612. Mathias right, Matthias Elect In Regem Romano, dated within: 24 jun 1612 coron franc ad moen. Archduchess Anna of Austria, facing. Anna Mathiae Roma Imper Coniunx dated within: 26 Jun 1812 coron franc ad moe.

ex Meiser and Sonntag 9, 2009

Of the highest rarity, probably unique.

UNC...........................................POR

coronation gold medal coronation gold medal

HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE,
Leopold, Emperor (1658-1705)

Frankfurt. Gold 5 Ducat, ND (1658).
(17.10 gms.) Commemorative issue for the coronation of Leopold I as Holy Roman Emperor. Laureate Bust rt / Hands holding scepter and sword emanating from clouds over a crowned globe and beneath an eye emanating rays.

Fr-982a.; Forschner-99. Coll. Julius 71 p.5. Ex NGSA. Very Rare, esp in this superb condition

UNC.................................sold

roman coronation gold medal roman coronation gold medal

HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE,
Joseph I, Emperor (1705-1711)

Gold Coronation Medal of 8 Dukats, 1690 as King of Hungary. (26.6 grams) Lettered edge. 35 mm.. By Georg Hautsch. Joseph I Coronation. Laureate bust of Joseph right. Reverse: Coronation insignia on cushion. Excessively rare and in superlative condition.

Mont. 1215; Julius 543 (both in silver)

NGC graded MS-62............$15,000

HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE,
Karl VI, Emperor (1711-1740
)

Gold Coronation Medal of 6 Ducats as Holy Roman Emperor undated (1711). (20.88 g).; 32.39 mm Engraved by G. W. Vestner and D. S. Dockler. On his coronation as Emperor in Frankfurt. CAROLVS VI D. G. - ROME. IMP. SEMP. AVG.Draped bust right with a laurel wreath; initials DSD / / ELISABETHA CHRIST:-AVGVSTA C. portrait of his wife Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel to the right V. Bernheimer 22; Brockmann 428; ECR Montenuovo-.Extremely Rare

PCGS Graded MS 61.........sold

roman coronation gold medal coronation gold medal

HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE,
Charles VI
Emperor (1711-1740)

Medal of 6 Ducats 1714, (20.86g,) 32 mm, by P.H. Muller, Issued to commemorate the Peace of Rastatt and the treaty of Baden wherein Karl VI finally recognized the Peace of Utrecht that ended the War of Spanish Succession with Louis XIV of France, and Queen Anne of England. Charles VI facing right/Olive tree with flags and arms, Berstett 533, Forster 787 (in silver)
Excessively Rare in gold.

Toned Prooflike UNC.............sold

HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE,
Maria Theresia,
Empress (1740-1780)

Gold Inauguration Medal of 12 Dukaten, (43.26g) 1744, for the Inauguration in the Netherlands by J Roettiers, Obv: Crowned bust of Maria Theresa/ MAR TH D G R HUNG BO D BRAB C FL INAUGURATA / Two hands clasped above a flaming altar: HAEC ARE TUEBITUR OMNES (this altar shall proctect all). around, FIDES PUBLICA below. Slg. Montenuovo 1738 (silver)

Excessively rare in gold. tiny edge bump on reverse, otherwise:

UNC................................POR

HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE,
Francis I, Emperor, (1745-1765), Maria Theresa Empress (1740-1780)

Large gold medal of 10 Dukats (35.2gm) to commemorate the death of Franz I, Stephan von Lothringen. 1745-1765, o.J. (1765;) by Anton Franz Widemann on the death of the Emperor 18. August in Innsbruck. FRANCISCUS . D : G . ROM . IMP . S . A . GERM . HIER . REX . LOTH . BAR . ET . M . HETR . DUX. Büst of Franz 1 Rs: M . THERESIA D . G . ROM . IMP . GER . HUNG . & BOH . REG . ARCH . AUST Bust of the Empress Maria Theresa. Kat.Jul. 1902 (this Exemple). Schaum. 182.2. Excessively Rare. ex Kunker 2004

UNC...........................................POR

The Dying Gasp of Empire:
Holy Roman Emperors Joseph II (1765-1790) and Leopold II (1790-1792), sons of Maria Theresa, brothers of Marie Antoinette
, though overshadowed by their famous mother and sister, were the original "Enlightened Despots" - perhaps hated as despots, but, nevertheless forced, by conscience or circumstance, to enact many reforms that presaged the modern era.

Joseph aboslished serfdom and the death penalty and issued the patent of tolerance, guaranteeing (limited) freedom of religion. He also refromed the tax code and made elementary education compulsory, while changing the language of education from Latin to German.

Leopold outlawed torture and instituted vast health care reforms through regulations covering universal vaccinations and mandatory care for the ill and the mentally ill. He also approved and collaborated on the development of a political constitution, said to have anticipated by many years the promulgation of the French constitution and which presented some similarities with the Virginia Bill of Rights of 1778.
coronation gold medal coronation gold medal

HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE,
JOSEPH II
(1765-1790)

AV médaille of 3 dukats , 1760, (10,28g.) 28 mm. sigend by the artist A. Wideman. Mariage de l'archiduc Joseph et d'Isabelle de Bourbon-Parme à Vienne. Droit : B. accolés des époux Revers : FELIX CONNVBIVM Hymen debout, avec deux couronnes et allumant sa torche à l'autel de l'amour. Mont. 1893 (AR); Schaumz. cfr 144; Slg. Julius 2643.

Tres Rare.

AU...............................$3600

coronation gold medal

HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE, LEOPOLD II, Emperor (1790-1792)

Official Gold Inauguration medal (1791) 37mm. (22.33gm) by Theo Van Berckel. Obv: Bust right.  Rev: The emperor receiving homage from Austrian Netherlands, lion at his feet, . Slg. Sigismund von Österreich 1496 var Kenis, 121; de Witte, V B. 128.  Provenance J Elsen.

Extremely rare: from a mintage of 128

UNC..................................$12,500

HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE,
FRANCIS II,
Emperor 1792-1806, founder and Emperor of the Austrian Empire, 1804-1835.

Gold Coronation Medal 1815 of 5 1/2 dukats (18.2 gm) by Manfredini for Francis' Coronation in Milan as King of Lombardy-Venetia following the Congress of Vienna. obv: Francis l. AVSTR FRANCISCVS IMP HVN BALOUCH LONGOB VENET GAL ET LOD REX ,L.M. Rv: Milan and Venice coat of arms surmounted by Iron Crown and Imperial Crown,op-, REDEVNT IN AVRVM-TEMPORA PRISCVM,sides, . In exerge: FIDES NOVI KINGDOMS/SACRAMENTO SIGNED/MEDIOL XV MAII/MDCCCXV - Bramsen 1619Ex: Asta Negrini n. 826 23 extremely rare in gold.

The Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia came into being through the Congress of Vienna in 1815. The ancient Iron Crown of Lombardy was last used at this Coronation. The Kingdom was abolished when it became part of Italy in 1866.

PCGS graded AU 58.............$7500

 

 

for more info, comments, purchase requests contact: Jeff Kahn at Jkahn21@nyc.rr.com
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